Large scale Agriculture can harm the environment. There is a rising concern for more sustainable practices to be introduced.
In order to prevent or reverse damage caused by pesticides, forest clearing, synthetic fertiliser, destruction of wildlife habitat there is a rising concern to alter the course.
Concerned agencies are working to introduce methods that are productive but not at the cost of environment.
Below we explore some possibilities.
Aquaponics & Hydroponics
Growing vegetables in controlled situations without the use of soil has benefits. Not only the speed of growth and nutrients value are better, the use of pesticides can also be completely eliminated using this method.
Especially in Aquaponics system through the presence of fish not only one can derive nutrients for the plants but the Fish also acts as a healthy source of protein.
By mimicking nature is order to cultivate plants the permaculture food production system reduces waste and is a resourceful system of farming.
Permaculture includes growing grains and vegetables without tillage and applies various other techniques found in nature to preserve water.
Using Renewable Energy Resources
Farming owing to the use of technology has become energy intensive. By deploying green sources of energy such as wind and solar, a more efficient and carbon neutral process can be followed. Many farms close to river banks have also been deploying mini hydro electric system to derive energy.
Crop Rotation & Polycultures
Crop diversification and rotation have been known to improve resistance against disease. The practice helps avoid pesticides and synthetic fertilisers. The practice based on the concept of diversity follows nature in building a robust system.